GRASP Country Risk Classification Concept

On 2 June 2020, GLOBALG.A.P. issued a new version of GRASP, GRASP v1.3-1-i, which will become mandatory on 1 October 2020 (depending on further evaluation of the COVID-19 pandemic by the GLOBALG.A.P. Secretariat).

Several changes have been introduced together with one new key element of GRASP assessments:

  1. Employee interviews launched as a new method of collecting evidence
  2. Increased qualification requirements for GRASP assessors, but also more options to open for new countries without a GRASP national interpretation guideline
  3. Employees’ representation mandatory in all companies, allowing alternative systems of representing the workers’ voices
  4. In producer groups, GRASP covering every member registered for GLOBALG.A.P. IFA certification

Related to the employee interviews in point 1, the GLOBALG.A.P. Secretariat has decided to include the concept of country risk classification as a core system of the application of GRASP.

Based upon its calculation of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI), the World Bank draws up a report that lists countries with a final overall ranking from 1 to 100. The GLOBALG.A.P. Secretariat uses these final overall rankings to group countries into three different levels:

1)   High-risk countries: Countries with a WGI rating from 0 to 49
2)   Medium-risk countries: Countries with a WGI rating from 50 to 79
3)   Low-risk countries: Countries with a WGI rating from 80 to 100

Together with the GRASP Technical Committee, the GLOBALG.A.P. Secretariat has developed a methodology for all employee interviews conducted as part of GRASP assessments, including sampling rules and rules for minimum duration for interviews and document review. The application of the country risk classification requires the presence of employees on the day of the GRASP assessment in the following cases:

1)  High-risk country: Requires the presence of employees at the farms
2)  Medium-risk country: Requires the presence of employees at the farms
3)  Low-risk country: Requires the presence of employees at farms only if interviews are requested by the buyer and/or the producer.

The list of countries assigned to the three categories will be updated every year, following the revision periods of the World Bank.

Details of the concept and all rules are explained in the Technical News Issue 3/2020 – GRASP Edition, available here.